US Department of State. “Program Review by the Chief of Operations, Operation Mongoose.” In “Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961–1963, Volume X, Cuba, January 1961–September 1962 – Office of the Historian.” Accessed May 2, 2021. https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1961-63v10/d61.
This document details the efforts to subvert the Castro regime in Cuba which the State Department and Central Intelligence Agency were working on in 1962, as a response to the failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961. The document admits that the failure of the Bay of Pigs operation set back US efforts in Cuba significantly, and plans for a new strategy in order to induce a popular revolt against Castro.
As one can see from the quoted passage below, following the Bay of Pigs disaster, the State Department worried that it would be very difficult to persuade anyone to take up arms against the Cuban state, even with US support, for the simple reason that no one wanted to back a failed revolt. The new plan would be to cripple the economy of Cuba with sanctions (see document 4) until it could not supply the people’s needs. Following this, psychological operations by the CIA would help to turn anger against the communist regime. Finally, with support from friendly Latin American countries, the US would back and sponsor the actions of a revolt against Castro.
“The failure of the U.S.-sponsored operation in April 1961 so shook the faith of Cuban patriots in U.S. competence and intentions in supporting a revolt against Castro that a new effort to generate a revolt against the regime in Cuba must have active support from key Latin American countries. Further, the foreignness (Soviet Union and Bloc) of the tyranny imposed on the Cuban people must be made clear to the people of the Western Hemisphere to the point of their deep anger and open actions to defend the Western Hemisphere against such foreign invasion. Such an anger will be generated, in part, by appeals from the popular movement within Cuba to other Latin Americans especially. “